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 »  Home  »  History  »  Archaeological sites near Dubrovnik with several important discoveries
 »  Home  »  Culture And Arts  »  Archaeological sites near Dubrovnik with several important discoveries
Archaeological sites near Dubrovnik with several important discoveries
By Zdenko Žeravica, Ph.D. | Published  11/25/2007 | History , Culture And Arts | Unrated
Župa Dubrovačka
Croatia is a paradise for archaeological research



Dr. Zdenko Žeravica, Archaeological Museum, Dubrovnik


Croatia is a paradise for archaeological research. We illustrate this just by photos coming from Croatia's South, from the region of Župa Dubrovačka and Konavle near the City of Dubrovnik. We would like to show you some of the recent activities of a group of archaeologists under direction of Dr. Zdenko Žeravica.

Their excavations and research has resulted in a number of very interesting discoveries, in several exhibitions accompanied with excellent catalogues in Croatian and English, and in scholarly articles published in specialised journals.



We warmly recommend you the following bilignual exhibition catalogues, in Croatian and English:

Archaeological Heritage of Župa Dubrovačka, published by Dubrovnik Museums - Archaeological Museum, Dubrovnik, and Municipality of Župa Dubrovačka, by Zdenko Žeravica, Ljiljana Kovačić, Domagoj Perkić and Marta Perkić, 2007, 68 pp,  ISBN 978-953-7037-02-5, see the Introduction below

Zdenko Žeravica: Konavle: Mediaeval Cemeteries, by Zdenko Žeravica and Ljiljana Kovačić, published by Dubrovnik Museums - Archaeological Museum, Dubrovnik, 2002, 44 pp, ISBN 953-7037-01-0

We also mention the following monograph:

Zdenko Žeravica: Äxte und Beile aus Dalmatien und anderen Teilen Kroatiens, Montenegro, Bosnien und Herzegowina, Stuttgart 1993, X,154 pp, 50 tables

For more information please contact Dr. Zdenko Žeravica, zdenko.zeravica@du.t-com.hr

Tel.: +385 20 429 461 begin_of_the_skype_highlighting            +385 20 429 461      end_of_the_skype_highlighting

Address: Archaeological Museum, Braće Andrijića 7, 20000 Dubrovnik, Croatia


 

UVOD

Izložbom "Arheološka baština Župe Dubrovačke" predstavljaju se dosadašnji arheološki nalazi u kontekstu kulturno - povijesnih događanja na ovim  područjima od pretpovijesti preko antičkog razdoblja do kraja srednjeg vijeka. Početak srednjeg vijeka  vrijeme je dolaska Hrvata na ova područja i potom slijedi period kontinuiranog razvoja hrvatskog nacionalnog bića i njegove kulture sve do suvremenosti. Korišteni su rezultati ranijih zaista malobrojnih, ali ipak značajnih arheoloških istraživanja (I. Marović 1952., D. Ruševljanin 1971.), tako da osnovu izložbe čine rezultati istraživanja po programu "Hrvati Crvene Hrvatske - korijeni, pokrštavanje i življenje do kraja srednjeg vijeka" /voditelj dr. Z. Žeravica), koji se realizira na području općine Župa dubrovačka već 10 godina, a u okviru projekata Ministarstva kulture Republike Hrvatske i izuzetno razumijevanje i potporu Općine Župa dubrovačka (I. Miletić, S. Nardeli, P. Pendo), u organizaciji Dubrovačkih muzeja - Arheološkog muzeja. Dvogodišnja istraživanja su provedena sustavnim rekognosciranjem područja, pri čemu su obuhvaćena sva arheološka razdoblja i otkriveni brojni arheološki lokaliteti. Organizirana su revizijska arheološka iskapanja na lokalitetu Sv. Đurđe u Bujićima - Petrači, Gradcu u Grbavcu, kao i iskapanja srednjovjekovne nekropole Sv. Barbare na G. Brgatu.

Potom su obavljena detaljna snimanja i dorada dokumentacije od ranije poznatih crkava na području Trapita. Na lokalitetu Sv. Stjepan na Dubcu  dokumentirana je još jedna, najvjerojatnije starija crkvica od one Sv. Stjepana iz 14. st. Za crkve sv. Križa i sv. Spasa načinjena je potpunija dokumentacija. Na lokalitetu Spilan poviše Plata je izrađen tlocrt cijele utvrde i njenih unutarnjih dijelova, jednako kao i za Gradac na Grbavcu, gdje su evidentirani i ostaci suhozidnih bedema pretpovijesne utvrde. Na izložbi se prikazuju i izuzetno značajni nalazi s arheoloških iskapanja provedenih u najnovije vrijeme (N. Kovačević - M. Perkić/ na Sv. Đurđu u Buićima, kojima su dobivene potvrde ranijih pretpostavki o antičkom i ranosrednjovjekovnom starohrvatskom periodu.

Naime evidentirano je postojanje starohrvatskog groblja datiranog nalazima novca K. Porfirogeneta,  kao i posebno vrijednog nalaza natpisa na glagoljici, koji uz onaj iz Konavala, daje svjedočanstva o srednjovjekovnom pismu ovih područja i  kulturno - povijesnoj pripadnosti cjelokupnom  hrvatskom području.

Ne umanjujući značenje ranijih povijesnih vrela, dubrovačke historiografije i kasnijih radova više autora,  posebno treba naglasiti važnost rezultata studija i drugih radova obrade područja Astareje od  J. Lučića. Tome se priključuju izuzetno vrijedni doprinos Tomislava Macana, koji je opisima spomenika i bilježenjem narodnih predaja dokumentirao brojne arheološke spomenike Župe, jednako kao i doprinos don. A. Dračevca. Nezaobilazni su radovi A. Marinovića, C. Fiskovića, V. Foretića, G. Novaka, Trpimira Macana, Š. Batovića i dr. To je  omogućilo dovođenje rezultata arheoloških istraživanja u kontekst povijesnih događanja na ovim prostorima.


Tako se došlo u prigodu predstaviti na izložbi rekonstrukciju pretpovijesnih razdoblja razvoja autohtonog ilirskog etnosa, koji je tijekom antičkog razvoja bio u procesu simbioza uključen u razvojne tokove rimske civilizacije sve do kasne antike i uvođenja katoličke religije u vrijeme ranog kršćanstva.


Dolaskom Hrvata proces kristijanizacije se vrlo brzo i sveobuhvatno nastavio odmah na početku ranog srednjeg vijeka, dobrim dijelom kroz kontinuirani nastavak kasnoantičkog nasljeđa, ali i stvaranju starohrvatske kulture već od vremena predromanike, pa kontinuiranom razvoju preko romanike i gotičko - renesansnog stila do kraja srednjeg vijeka. 



To se događalo na području Župe kao iskonskom dijelu dubrovačkog područja i njegovog razvoja unutar Dubrovačke Republike. U širem smislu pripada mediteranskom zapadnom kršćanskom i kulturnom krugu.

Dr. Zdenko Žeravica

 

INTRODUCTION

Through the exhibition "THE ARCHAEOLOGICAL HERITAGE OF ŽUPA DUBROVAČKA" the archaeological finds are presented in the context of cultural and historical events in this region from the Prehistory, the Antiquity until the end of the Middle Ages. The beginning of the Middle Ages is the time of the arrival of the Croats to these parts, followed by the period of the continuous development of the Croatian nationhood and its culture to the present time. Results from previous scarce, but at the same time significant archaeological research were used (I. Marović 1952., D. Ruševljanin 1971.), so that the basis of this exibition are results of the  research "The Croats of Red Croatia - roots, conversion to Christianity and existence to the end of the medieval period" (headed by Z. Žeravica, PhD), which have been taking place in the Municipality of Župa Dubrovačka for more than 10 years, within the project framework of the Ministry of Culture of the Republic of Croatia and fostered by an exceptional understanding of the Municipality of Župa Dubrovačka (I. Miletić, S. Nardelli, P. Pendo), organized by the Dubrovnik Museums - Archaeological Museum. Two years' explorations were carried out in systematic archaeological recognition of the region, during which all archaeological periods were comprised and numerous archaeological sites discovered. Revised archaeological excavations organized on the locality of St George in Buići, Petrača, Gradac and Grbavac, as well as unearthing of medieval necropolis of  St Barbara in G. Brgat.

Furthermore, an in-depth surveying and final processing of documentation from previously known churches in the Trapit area were carried out. On St Stephen's locality at Dubac, yet another church was documented, most likely the earlier church of St Stephen from the 14th century. A more complete documentation was prepared for churches of the Holy Cross and St Saviour's. On Spilan locality, above Plat a ground-plan was drawn of the entire fortification including its interior parts, just the same as for Gradac on Grbavac, where records were taken of remains of drystone walls in a prehistorical  fortification. Some exclusive finds are put on display, on this exhibition showing the sites from the most recent archaeological excavations (N. Kovačević - M. Perkić/ on  St  George's site in Buići in which confirmations were obtained to authenticate some earlier assumptions about the Early-Croatian period.

Namely, the very existence of an Early-Croatian graveyard was dated through coins of C. Porphirogenetus, as well as by means of the particularly valuable inscription in the Glagolitic script, which along with those from Konavle give evidence on the medieval script in these regions and its cultural and historical affiliation to the entire Croatian region.

Without belittling the importance of some earlier historical sources, Ragusan  historiography and subsequent studies by several authors, it is necessary, in particular, to emphasize the significance of the research into results and other papers analyses of Astarea by J. Lučić. A very precious contribution made  by Tomislav Macan  can  be incorporated here.In his descriptions of monuments and by registering national tradition  he provided us with useful information documenting numerous archaeological monuments of Župa, equal to contributions made by father A. Dračevac. Publications written by A. Marinović, C. Fisković, V. Foretić, G. Novak, Trpimir Macan, Š. Batović and other are inevitable. This has rendered possible to place the results of this archaeological research in the context of the historical events which took place in these parts.

Thus, an opportunity has opened up to present a reconstruction of prehistorical periods of development of the autochthonous Illyrian ethnos on this exhibition, which in the course of its ancient evolvement had been in the process of symbioses, integrated into ongoing courses of the Roman civilization, all until the late Antiquity and the introduction of the Catholic religion in the period of the Early Christianity.

With the arrival of the Croats the process of Christianization has even been accelerated and comprehensively pursued, right away in the beginning of the Early Middle Ages in a good part through the continuous proceedings of its heritage in the Late Antiquity, but also in the creation of the Early-Croatian culture from the Pre-Romanesque, its continuous development through Romanesque and Gothico-Renaissance styles until the end of Middle Ages.

It has happened in the region of Župa as in a primeval territory of the Dubrovnik region and its development within the Ragusan Republic. In the wider sense it belongs to the Mediterranean cultural sphere of the Western Christianity. 

Dr. Zdenko Žeravica



Translated from Croatian into English by professor Pave Brailo, Dubrovnik.


A view to Postranje and Brgat from Gradac


Spilan


The team of archaeologists at Spilan


Supas


Sv. Križ


Sv. Križ


Arial view to archeological sites in Župa Dubrovačka. The City of Dubrovnik is on the west with respect to this area, and Konvale on the east.


Župa Dubrovačka, silver coin of Constantin Porphyrogenitus, a Byzantine Emperor from the 10th century


Župa Dubrovačka, an important discovery by professor Marta Perkić in 2006 at the church of Sv. Đurađ between villages of Buići and Petrača: a Croatian Glagolitic inscription from 10th or 11th century, width 13 cm


The Župa Dubrovačka Glagolitic inscription, 10th or 11th century, after the restauration in the Archaeological Museum in Split


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