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 »  Home  »  Music  »  Lovro von Matacic 1899-1985 great Croatian conductor
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Lovro von Matacic 1899-1985 great Croatian conductor
By Nenad N. Bach and Darko Žubrinić | Published  02/14/2012 | Music , People , Culture And Arts | Unrated
"One day, when they draw a line, it will not matter what I did for international composers, but how I contributed to Croatian music"


Maestro Lovro von Matačić, distinguished Croatian conductor

 
Lovro von Matacic, one of the greatest conductors of the 20th century (1899-1985), started his career in 1919 as conductor of orchestras in Osijek, Novi Sad, Ljubljana, Belgrade, Riga, and in Zagreb in 1932. From 1942-1945 he was conductor of the Vienna Opera. After 1945 he was imprisoned by the Yugoslav communist regime, and together with Croatian painter Kristian Krekovic sentenced to confiscation of all movable and immovable property. In 1950's he became organizer of Festivals in Dubrovnik and Split. In 1956 Matacic moved to Germany to conduct East Berlin Opera and the famous Dresden Staatskapelle, then conducted at Bayreuth in 1959, and from 1961 to 1966 was Gereralmuikdirektor in Frankfurt. He was also guest conductor in Vienna Opera, Milan Scala, in Chicago, Naples, Palermo, Rome, London, Cleveland, Tokyo, Prague, etc., and was elected the honorary director of the Japanese Orchestra in Tokyo. From 1970 to 1980 he was conductor and artistic director of the Zagreb Philharmonic Orchestra, and almost simultaneously from 1973 to 1979 had the same role in the Monte Carlo Orchestra.

Lovro pl. Matacic

Lovro Matacic is the laureate of
  • the Bruckner Medal and of the International Bruckner Society, recipient of the Bruckner Ring from Viennese Symphonic Orchestra (one among only a few of the most outstanding conductors),
  • recipient of the Smetana Medal from the Czech government and Janacek Medal,
  • Hans von Bellow Medal from the Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra,
  • medal for artistic work from the Prince Rainer of Monaco,
  • the Cross of the First Order for Science and Art from the president of Republic of Austria,
  • and of numerous recognitions in Croatia.
Under his baton great performances were accomplished (and recorded by Columbia Records) by Yehudi Menuhin, David Oistrakh, Enrico Caruso, Beniamin Giglio, Maria Callas, Herbert von Karajan, Bruno Walter, Arthur Rubinstein and others. Lovro Matacic founded a fund for specialization of young conductors. One of predecessors of his noble family participated in the defense of Siget under the leadership of legendary Nikola Subic Zrinski in 1566.



Bruckner - Lovro von Matacic - Symphony No.8 Mvt.4 (1/3)
NHK Symphony Orchestra conducted by Lovro von Matačić. NHK hall, Tokyo, 1984.  


Bruckner - Lovro von Matacic - Symphony No.8 Mvt.4 (2/3)
NHK Symphony Orchestra conducted by Lovro von Matačić. NHK hall, Tokyo, 1984.


Bruckner - Lovro von Matacic - Symphony No.8 Mvt.4 (3/3)
NHK Symphony Orchestra conducted by Lovro von Matačić. NHK hall, Tokyo, 1984.  


Tchaikovsky Symphony No.6 Pathetique 4th mov
Lovro von Matačić & The Czech Philharmonic Orchestra, 1968 recording


Lovro von Matacic interviewed about his "Sinfonie der Konfrontationen"
and extracts from the work played by the NHK Symphony Orchestra conducted by Matacic in 1984.


 
Lovro Matačić

“Matačić can show music emerging from the overall Human nature, vast and deep, warm and limitless, and the impression is so strong that it makes the entire body and soul vibrate to the very roots.” (Philharmonic, 1967)

Lovro von Matačić (February 14, 1899 – January 4, 1985) used a single word to describe his versatile artistic personality – musician. In the turbulent, and occasionally unfavorable circumstances of the period encompassing almost the entire 20th century, his talent was proven on countless occasions as a value that will always find room for excellent achievements.

He was born in Sušak (a part of the city of Rijeka) in Croatia, to a family that was granted a noble title in the early 17th century. Growing up, he was always surrounded by music and art: his father had a career as an opera singer, and his mother as an actress. After his parents’ divorce, the family moved to Vienna where Lovro joined the Vienna Boys Choir of the Royal Court Chapel at the age of eight. The Choir’s repertoire must have influenced his later affinities, but most of all through the music of Anton Bruckner. In the Piarists’ Gymnasium in Vienna he received training in piano, organ and music theory. His music education continued under distinguished teachers at the Vienna Conservatory which he never attended formally nor obtained any degrees. He proved his talent in practice when in 1916 he started volunteering as an accompanist at the Cologne Opera. When the war broke out, however, he volunteered for the army and also became an active revolutionary: in 1918 he joined the circle of left-oriented intellectuals in Vienna who recognized his artistic talent. He already had several works ready; he recited the poem “Vigilia” to his colleagues, and he was sixteen when the Tonkünstlerorchester of the Vienna Musikverein conducted by Bernhard Paumgartner premiered his “Fantasy for the Orchestra.” Not many of Matačić’s compositions have been completely preserved, although he did include some of them in his programs after becoming a distinguished conductor – such as the “Confrontation Symphony” or the “Konjuh planina” Cantata. After the war, he made a living mostly by playing in cafés, writing reviews, and by short-term conducting engagements in Osijek, Zagreb and Novi Sad where he served the required military service as a military musician. Even then, his performances were marked with opera pieces and a vocal repertoire, but he did not find a permanent position until 1922 when he was employed by the Ljubljana Opera. In the meantime, he married a Czech singer Karla Dubska who introduced him to the golden portion of Czech music. His first success in Ljubljana was the performance of Leoš Janáček’s opera “Jenůfa”, which would subsequently become one of the most often performed operas of Matačić’s repertoire.
 
After Ljubljana, his engagements and successes lined up: with the Belgrade Opera and the Obilić Academic Choir, his first appearance in front of the Zagreb Philharmonics in Zagreb (1927) and the Vienna Symphonic Orchestra at the Konzerthaus (1928), the Letonic State Opera in Riga, and the more permanent move to Zagreb in 1932 where he spread his activities to opera, symphony, and choir repertoire. His strivings of the time, however, reached a peak in 1936 when he conducted the Berlin Philharmonic and became the orchestra’s regular guest. In 1938 he left the position of the permanent conductor at the Croatian National Theatre in Zagreb to become the director of the Belgrade Opera and the chief conductor of the Belgrade Philharmonic. But his path lead further to Europe, too. During World War II, he spent most of the time in Zagreb as an army officer, but also continued conducting: he appeared in Zagreb with all major local orchestras, as well as in Vienna and Berlin. He was the Inspector of Croatian Army’s music ensembles and was in charge of the entire corpus of military music in Croatia. His last concert before he was arrested was two weeks prior to the capitulation of Germany – on April 23, 1945 he appeared with the State Radio Orchestra. Maestro never wanted to comment in detail on his status during and after the war. In more than a year spent in prison, he was once again given a chance to work in music – he lead the prison orchestra and choir. After his second wife Elizabeta Lilly Levenson, whom he married in 1933, managed to obtain a pardon for him, he was relocated to Skopje in 1948.  Until 1954, when he managed to get an approval from Josip Broz Tito to be issued a passport, his activities in the former country were limited (to Rijeka and Ljubljana), but soon his career gained full international momentum. The recoding of Richard Strauss’s “Arabelle” in London for the Columbia label marked a new beginning in the conductor’s life. He replaced Herbert von Karajan for that recording and afterwards signed a five-year contract with the record company.

The following year he replaced Karl Bohm at the Bavarian State Opera in Munich for a triumphal performance of Strauss’s “Ariadne on Naxos.” Appearances in Berlin, Stuttgart, Augsburg, Salzburg, Graz and elsewhere followed, where he conducted concert programs, operas, and often even directed the productions. He was invited to the Dresden State Chapel, State Opera of East Berlin, and to tours around Europe, including Ljubljana, Split, and Dubrovnik. After leaving Dresden in 1958, he strengthened his ties to Vienna, debuted at Bayreuth where he also started a long-term collaboration with opera director and Richard Wagner’s grandson – Wieland Wagner. He finally travelled to the United States, where he performed at the Chicago Opera. Matačić has won over the Italian audience, too (in 1961 at the Rome Opera he performed Wagner’s “The Ring of the Nibelung”). In 1961 in Frankfurt he became the chief conductor of the local opera and the prestigious series of Museum Concerts. As always, he continued working in multiple fields: he recorded for RAI in Turin, and simultaneously managed the Dubrovnik Summer Festival. He was named Honorary Life-Time Conductor of the NHK Symphony Orchestra in Japan, conducted orchestras such as Philharmonie, the Czech, Berlin, and Munich philharmonic orchestras. He appeared at the Bavarian State Opera, Teatro Colon in Buenos Aires, the State and Volksopera of Vienna. At the Musikverein he regularly conducted the Vienna Symphony Orchestra, sat on the jury for Karajan's conducting competition and  in 1974 became the chief conductor of the National Opera Orchestra of Monte Carlo – and these are only some of his after-war successes. The list goes on with his appointment as the chief conductor of the Zagreb Philharmonic Orchestra in 1970 with which he realized a number of ambitious plans, including support for young conductors through a special series – Presenting Young Conductors.
 
The musicians he collaborated with include Arthur Rubinstein, Christian Ferras and Rudolf Buchbinder, Marijana Radev, Ruža Pospiš Baldani, Elisabeth Schwarzkopf, Christa Ludwig, Renata Tebaldi, Birgit Nilsson, Leontyne Price, Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau... He recorded for labels such as Columbia and Supraphon, covering a vast repertoire. Although Anton Bruckner was at the top of the list for his symphony and concert repertorie and Richard Wagner, along with his favorite „Orpheus“ by Ch. W. Gluck and Janáček’s “Jenůfa” at the top of his opera repertorie, Lovro von Matačić's interest covered a huge span from Palestrina, Monteverdi and Henry Purcell, through Handel, Mozart, Haydn and Beethoven to Mussorgsky, Mahlera, Janáček, Smetana, R. Strauss, Wagner, Verdi and others. He was especially dedicated to performing Croatian authors. His first appearances with the Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra in 1936 already included a suite from Krešimir Baranović’s ballet “Gingerbread Heart” and Jakov Gotovac’s “Symphonic Kolo”. The programs of his subsequent international and Croatian performances also included the works of Josip Hatze, Blagoje Bersa, Božidar Širola, Božidar Kunc, Boris Papandopulo, Antun Dobronić, Josip Štolcer-Slavenski, Bruno Bjelinski...
 
“One day, when they draw a line, it will not matter what I did for international composers, but how I contributed to Croatian music” maestro once said. His numerous efforts in that respect should definitely include his last will and testimony by which he established the Lovro & Lilly Matačić Foundation.

Source www.fondmatacic.hr






 
INTRODUCTION

1/ GENERAL CONDITIONS
The 5th International Competition of Young Conductors Lovro von Matačić shall take place in Zagreb, at the Vatroslav Lisinski Concert Hall from 3 – 8 October 2011. There will be three rounds of the Competition as well as the final concert at which the results of the Competition shall be announced.

2/ AGE LIMIT
The Competition is open to conductors born in or after 1976, regardless of their nationality. No exception to this rule shall be accepted.

3/ APPLICATION FORM
Applications for the Competition shall be made on the official Competition Form and shall be submitted to the following address:

Administration Office 5th International Competition of Young Conductors Lovro von Matačić Vatroslav Lisinski Concert Hall
Trg Stjepana Radića 4
10000 Zagreb
Croatia

The Application Form shall be typewritten or printed clearly in block letters, to which applicants shall attach the following:
1. Photocopy of identity card or passport.
2. photocopies of certificates of completed education and of academic qualifications.
3. Short curriculum vitae listing past professional work and artistic accomplishments.
4. Audio-visual recording of their own choice showing their public performance of at least two works or parts thereof. The recording shall be submitted on a DVD format and shall not be more than 3 years old. The duration shall not exceed 30 minutes.
5.  Two recent photos, 13 x 18 cm (for the purposes of publications).
6.  Photocopy of a receipt showing application fee paid Submitted materials and documents shall not be returned to applicants.

4/ APPLICATION FEE
Along with the Application Form and other required documents applicants shall submit to the Competition Administration Office a photocopy of the payment receipt in the sum of EUR 100 or the equivalent value in any hard currency. Application fee shall be paid to the following Bank account:

LOVRO & LILLY MATAČIĆ FOUNDATION
IBAN: HR2623600001101221405
SWIFT: ZABAHR2X
ZAGREBAČKA BANKA, PAROMLINSKA 2
10 000 ZAGREB, CROATIA

Applications submitted without a receipt showing application fee paid shall not be accepted. By submitting their applications applicants acknowledge their agreement with all provisions of the Competition Rules and Regulations. Should any candidate decide not to participate in the Competition, the paid application fee shall not be refunded.

COMPETITION ROUNDS

1/ FIRST ROUND
The number of applicants is not limited. In the first round of the Competition the applicants compete based on submitted audio-visual recordings of their performances which shall be judged by the first round Jury. This Jury consists of 3 members appointed by the Managing Board of the Lovro & Lilly Matačić Foundation. The first round Jury shall select a maximum of 16 applicants to be entered into the second round of the Competition. The decision of the first round Jury as to the applicants who shall proceed to the second round shall be reached by majority of votes.The first round Jury does not express their judgements in terms of points. The decisions of the first round Jury shall be irrevocable and shall be publicly announced. Due to the possibility of some applicants not turning up for the second round of the Competition, the first round Jury shall prepare a reserve list of priority substitute applicants. This list shall not be publicly announced.

2/ SECOND ROUND
A maximum of 16 competitors shall proceed to the second round of the Competition, based on the decision by the first round Jury. Competitors admitted to the second round of the Competition shall be informed in writing by 15 June 2011 at the latest. Competitors admitted to the second round are obliged to confirm their participation in writing by 15 July 2011 at the latest. If any competitors cancel their participation before the above date, the first round Jury is entitled to enter into the second round of the Competition applicant(s) from the reserve list of priority substitutes. After expiration of the above deadline, the list of competitors in the second round shall not be subject to change. Participants in the second round shall have their hotel accommodation and full board covered by the Organizer until the end of the Competition. Competitors shall be judged by the International Jury consisting of 7 members. In case of justified absence by any Jury member(s) the Competition Management has the right to nominate 2 more members. The Competition shall take place in Zagreb at the Vatroslav Lisinski Concert Hall, Trg Stjepana Radića 4, starting on 3 October 2011. Competitors shall report to the Competition Administration Office on 3 October 2011 in person, presenting their identity document, by and no later than 5 p.m. The order of competitors shall be determined by drawing lots in the presence of all 16 competitors and International Jury and shall be publicly announced on the notice board at the Competition Administration Office no later than 12 hours before the start of the Competition.

PROGRAMME IN THE SECOND ROUND OF THE COMPETITION
Competitors shall perform two compulsory works and one from the list of required works.

* FIRST COMPULSORY WORK
R. Radica: Concerto for Chamber Orchestra (Foundation Lovro & Lilly Matačić)

* SECOND COMPULSORY WORK
G. Verdi: ‘Ecco l’orrido campo...’, aria by Amelia, Un ballo in maschera (The Masked Ball), 2nd Act (Riccordi)

* REQUIRED WORKS IN THE SECOND ROUND
G. Verdi: La forza del destino (The Force of Destiny), Overture (Riccordi)
R. Schumann: Manfred, Overture (Breitkopf & Härtel)
B. Smetana: Vltava (The Moldau) (Bärenreiter Prague)
G. Rossini: Il barbiere di Siviglia (The Barber of Seville), Overture (Riccordi)
W. A. Mozart: Die Zauberflöte (The Magic Flute),
K. 620, Overture (Breitkopf & Härtel) 

Competitors shall draw by lots one work from the list of required works. The order of works conducted in the second round shall be determined by each competitor. For the second round of the Competition each competitor shall have at his/her disposal 30 minutes. International Jury shall have an irrevocable right to curtail a performance, or to rule on its continuation.

3/ THIRD ROUND OF THE COMPETITION
Based on the decision of International Jury 6 (six) competitors shall proceed to the third round of the Competition.

PROGRAMME IN THE THIRD ROUND OF THE COMPETITION
Competitors shall perform the compulsory work and one work from the list of required works

* COMPULSORY WORK
K. Baranović: Licitarsko srce (Gingerbread Heart), suite (Foundation Lovro & Lilly Matačić)

* REQUIRED WORKS IN THE THIRD ROUND
J. Brahms: Symphony no. 3, op. 90, F major (Breitkopf & Härtel)
P. I. Tchaikovsky: Romeo and Juliet Overture-Fantasy (Breitkopf & Härtel)
R. Strauss: Till Eulenspiegels lustige Streiche, op. 28 (Peters)
I. Stravinsky: Petrouchka (1947) (Boosey & Hawks)
S. Prokofiev: Lieutenant Kijé Symphonic Suite, op. 60 (Boosey & Hawks)

Competitors shall draw by lots one work from the list of required works. The order of compositions conducted in the third round shall be determined by each competitor. For the third round of the Competition each competitor shall have at his/her disposal 50 minutes. International Jury shall have an irrevocable right to curtail a performance, or to rule on its continuation.

SECOND AND THIRD ROUNDS ARE OPEN TO THE PUBLIC.

PROGRAMME OF ThE FINAL CONCERT
At the final concert, competitors conduct one of the works from the third round of the Competition, to be decided by drawing lots. Should two or more competitors receive the same number of points, the Jury will decide by voting. The winner of the Competition and the order of the runner-ups shall be decided after the final concert by the three competitors who receive the highest number of points in the third round. The decision of the Jury is final and no discussion or correspondence shall be entered into. The final concert shall be recorded and broadcast by the Croatian Radio and Television. 

Source www.fondmatacic.hr




 
LOVORO MATAČIĆ COMPETITION

COMPETITION RULES AND REGULATIONS

INTRODUCTION

1/ GENERAL CONDITIONS
The 5th International Competition of Young Conductors Lovro von Matačić shall take place in Zagreb, at the Vatroslav Lisinski Concert Hall from 3 – 8 October 2011. There will be three rounds of the Competition as well as the final concert at which the results of the Competition shall be announced.

2/ AGE LIMIT
The Competition is open to conductors born in or after 1976, regardless of their nationality. No exception to this rule shall be accepted.

3/ APPLICATION FORM
Applications for the Competition shall be made on the official Competition Form and shall be submitted to the following address:

Administration Office 5th International Competition of Young Conductors Lovro von Matačić Vatroslav Lisinski Concert Hall
Trg Stjepana Radića 4
10000 Zagreb
Croatia

The Application Form shall be typewritten or printed clearly in block letters, to which applicants shall attach the following:
1. Photocopy of identity card or passport.
2. photocopies of certificates of completed education and of academic qualifications.
3. Short curriculum vitae listing past professional work and artistic accomplishments.
4. Audio-visual recording of their own choice showing their public performance of at least two works or parts thereof. The recording shall be submitted on a DVD format and shall not be more than 3 years old. The duration shall not exceed 30 minutes.
5.  Two recent photos, 13 x 18 cm (for the purposes of publications).
6.  Photocopy of a receipt showing application fee paid Submitted materials and documents shall not be returned to applicants.

4/ APPLICATION FEE
Along with the Application Form and other required documents applicants shall submit to the Competition Administration Office a photocopy of the payment receipt in the sum of EUR 100 or the equivalent value in any hard currency. Application fee shall be paid to the following Bank account:

LOVRO & LILLY MATAČIĆ FOUNDATION
IBAN: HR2623600001101221405
SWIFT: ZABAHR2X
ZAGREBAČKA BANKA, PAROMLINSKA 2
10 000 ZAGREB, CROATIA

Applications submitted without a receipt showing application fee paid shall not be accepted. By submitting their applications applicants acknowledge their agreement with all provisions of the Competition Rules and Regulations. Should any candidate decide not to participate in the Competition, the paid application fee shall not be refunded.

Source  www.fondmatacic.hr




 
Lovro Matačić rođen je na Sušaku 14. veljače 1899. g. Otac mu se zvao Koloman pl. Matačić, a majka, rumunjska glumica, bila je poznata pod umjetničkim imenom Constanza von Linden. Plemstvo obitelji Matačić vrlo je staro i potječe još od opsade Sigeta 1566.g. Lovrin predak Valter Gašpar Matačić bio je tada oficir Nikole Šubića Zrinskog i jedan od devetorice junaka koji su probili turske redove i krenuli za Beč, gdje im je car Maksimilian III. dodijelio plemićke titule. Lovrin otac stekao je slavu kao kotarski predstojnik u Rijeci (1883.-1902.), gdje je između ostalog u sukobu sa žandarmerijom riječkog guvernera grofa Szaparyja uspio obraniti granice Sušačkog kotara koje su se zbog nestalnosti Delte Rječine znale mijenjati na štetu hrvatskog teritorija. Lovrin otac bio je i školovani pjevač te je od 1902. g. do smrti bilježio zanimljivu pjevačku karijeru u kućama Milana, Zagreba, Beča, Bratislave, Munchena, Rige, Berlina i drugih.

Sa svega devet godina mali Lovro odlazi iz Sušaka u Beč. Nakon strogog prijemnog ispita 1908. g. postaje članom zbora Bečkih dječaka pri carskoj dvorskoj kapeli. Matačić se u to vrijeme školuje u Franjevačkom konviktu, a orgulje, klavir, kompoziciju i dirigiranje uči kod prof. bečkog konzervatorija Ignaza Herbata, Oskara Nedbala i Franza Shalkea. U 17. godini djeluje kao korepetitor u Operi u Kölnu, a u 19. je već dirigent u Osijeku. Jedan je od osnivača Opere u Skopju, dirigirao je u Zagrebu, Novom Sadu, Beogradu i Ljubljani. Brojne i nezaboravne nastupe imao je u Drezdenu, Frankfurtu, Beču, Londonu, Milanu. Osobni prijatelj bio mu je Herbert von Karajan, jedan od najboljih dirigenata na svijetu. Dirigirao je Mozarta, Rahmanjinova, Wagnera, Bethovena, Slavenskog, Drucknera, Smetanu, Detonija i druge s najboljim svjetskim orkestrima.

U riječkoj opernoj kući Ivana pl. Zajca djelovao je u razdoblju od 25. rujna 1952. do 1954. godine. Dirigirao je Aidu, Werthera, Fausta, Šišmiša te brojne reprize opera i simfonijskih koncerata. U riječkoj operi ne pojavljuje se samo kao dirigent, već uz dirigiranje režira Orfeja i Fausta.

U svojih 70 godina umjetničkog rada napisao je brojne kompozicije i kantate, a poznata je i njegova simfonija konfrontacije komponirana za dva klavira, gudače i udaraljke.

Nezaboravne su interpretacije maestra Matačića na Dubrovačkim ljetnim igrama gdje je godinama ravnao Ljubljanskom filharmonijom i zborom, te Zagrebačkom filharmonijom.

Lovro pl. Matačić je umjetnik koji je u svojoj dugogodišnjoj karijeri prošao cijeli svijet, od Evrope i Amerike do Japana. Dobitnik je mnogobrojnih nagrada: Brucnerove medalje (od međunarodnog Brucnerovog društva), Brucnerovog prstena (od Bečkih simfoničara), medalje Hans von Bullow (od Berlinske filharmonije), Križa prvog reda za znanost i kulturu (predsjednika Republike Austrije), Smetanine medalje, Sagitario D'oro (kompozitora Republike Italije), nagrade Ivo Tijardović (Društva glazbenih radnika Croatia-koncert). Kao zaljubljenik u Dubrovnik veliki dio svog života proveo je u Dubrovniku, tako da je svoju kuću poklonio gradu Dubrovniku. Bio je čovjek i umjetnik čiji ugled u svijetu (spada u red trojice najboljih svjetskih dirigenata) služi na čast sredini iz koje je potekao.

Stoga građani Sušaka, Rijeke i cijele domovine s pravom mogu biti ponosni što se jedan ovakav genij rodio baš ovdje.

Maestro Matačić pokopan je na zagrebačkom Mirogoju 4. siječnja 1985.

Source www.klub-susacana.hr


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