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Hrvojka Mihanovic Salopek presenting Croatian Mariological Heritage of the Varazdin Bishopric
The Varaždin Mariological Heritage has been described on the DVD issued in 2017 in Zagreb. The project director was Dr. Hrvojka Mihanović-Salopek.
The DVD can be ordered via firstname.lastname@example.org (Alojzije Prosoli)
Hrvojka Mihanović-Salopek and Alojzije Prosoli in the city of Šibenik
Sermons of Ivan Belostenecz (Joannis Byllostinacz, born in Varaždin, 1594-1675), distinguished Croatian Paulist writer and lexicographer.
Dr. Hrvojka Mihanović-Salopek prepared already her tenth DVD covering various aspects of extremely rich mariological heritage among Croatians. This DVD refers to the Varaždin Bishopric on Croatian north. Numerous baroque churches, lavishly decorated by Ivan Ranger and other artists, provide a special touch into the architecture of the city of Varaždin and surrounding towns and villages. A special emphasis is placed on the natural beauties of the region, liturgical and folk melodies, as well as on centuries old Croatian literature.
All the photos on this web page are taken from the DVD described in this article. We owe our deep gratitude to Dr. Hrvojka Mihanović-Salopek for her kind permission.
A detail from the ceiling of a parish church of St. Mary in Čakovec, Međimurje on the north of Croatia. Međimurje is known for specific and very beutiful folk songs, like Vuprem oči.
Pulpit in the Franciscan church in Čakovec from 1760.
Fortunat Pintarić: Ja verujem, ja se ufam (I believe, I hope)
Varaždinska Regina angelorum
Znanstveno-obrazovni film Varaždinska Regina angelorum prikazuje povijesno štovanje Bogorodice u Varaždinskoj biskupiji, te predstavlja kulturološki putopis kroz istaknuta, ali i pojedina nedovoljno poznata svetišta Varaždinske biskupije: Lepoglava, Purga Lepoglavska, Kamenica, Višnjica, Veternica, Bednja, Radovan, Remetinec, Ludbreg, Koprivnica, Močile, Molve, Kloštar Podravski, Đelekovec, Drnje, Legrad, Donji Vidovec, Kotoriba, Sv. Marija (Međimurje), Prelog, Mala Subotica, Belica, Donji Hrašćan, Sv. Juraj u Trnju, Sv. Juraj na Bregu, Vratišinec, Mursko Središće, Štrigova, Biškupec, Varaždinske Toplice te Čakovec i Varaždin.
Kroz multidisciplinarni presjek baštine naglasak je stavljen na impresivna dostignuća baroknog perioda u arhitekturi, književnosti, likovnoj umjetnosti, a posebice je obuhvaćena djelatnost Ivana Rangera i njegovih učenika te Varaždinca Blaža Grubera. U filmu su snimljene rijetke knjige i stihovi na starom hrvatskokajkavskom književnom jeziku (Antun Vramec, Fortunat Švagel, Ivan Belostenec, Nikola Benger, Andrija Eggerer, Ivan Krištolovec, Hilarion Gašparoti, Josip Bedeković, Nikola ml. Zrinski i Petar Zrinski, Katarina Zrinski, Katarina Patačić, Baltazar Milovec, Gregur Kapucin, Juraj Lehpamer). Prisutni su i stihovi suvremenih pjesnika Ivana Goluba i Ernesta Fišera.
Ljepota podravskog pejzaža prikazana je kroz odraz hrvatskog naivnog slikarstva. Osobita pozornost posvećena je vrijednim eksponatima iz postava Gradskog muzeja Varaždin. Kroz film upoznajemo izvornu etno građu okolice Varaždina, Podravine, Međimurja te posebno arhaične međimurske folklorne sakralne napjeve. U ozračju brojnih baroknih anđela i slikovitih veduta grada slušamo i baroknu glazbu koja je prepoznatljivi znak Varaždina.
Replica of Black Madonna of Czestochowa from Poland from 1508 in the Paulist monastery in Lepoglava, Croatia
Fortress in the town of Đurđevec on the north of Croatia.
Coat of Arms of the noble Croatian family of Zrinski. The most famous representative of the family is Nikola Šubić Zrinski, defendor of the Sziget fortress in 1566 against the Turks. A letter of count Petar Zrinski (1621-1671) to his wife Ana Katarina written in 1671, translated from Croatian into various European languages. His wife Ana Katarina Zrinski is the author of Putni tovaruš (Travelling Companion), a small prayer book written in Croatian, completed in the Ozalj fortress and printed in Venice in 1661.
A legendary Croatian military commander Nikola Jurisic (born in the town of Senj, 1490-~1545) managed to stop sultan Sulejman the Magnificent (or Great) in 1532 near the town of Köszeg (Güns) at Austrian and Hungarian border. Nikola Jurisic had about 700 Croatian soldiers, the Turks about 32,000 people. The Turkish onsloughts lasted for three weeks. The aim of sultan Sulejman was to occupy Vienna. It is interesting that two years earlier Nikola Jurisic visited sultan Sulejman in Constantinople as a deputy of King Ferdinand.
Nikola Zrinski Junior (1620-1664), a Croatian statesman and writer, described in his epic ``The siege of Siget'' the heroic death of his grandfather Nikola Subic Zrinski in 1566, which entered all the historical annals of the 16th century. With his 2500 brave soldiers, mostly Croats, he was defending the fortress of Sziget in southern Hungary against 90,000 Turks.
The Turkish troops were under the sultan Sulejman the Great and supplied by 300 cannons. It took them a month to defeat the Croatian soldiers, who all died a terrible death in the final battle. Despite his promise, the King Maximillian Habsburg did not help Nikola Subic Zrinski. Historians say that the Turks had almost 30,000 dead.
Cardinal Richelieu, the famous French minister at the court of King Lui XIII, wrote the following: A miracle was necessary for the Habsburg Empire to survive. And the miracle happened in Sziget. The above mentioned epic was written in the Hungarian language. Though written by the Croat, it is regarded to be one of the greatest achievements of the early Hungarian literature. See also here (in Croatian).
Ivan Zajc has composed the opera Nikola Subic Zrinski, which is very popular in Japan, especially its tune "U boj, u boj!" (on this web page you can listen to a Japanese choir singing this song in Croatian!).
It is worth noting that Dominko Zlataric, famous 16th century Croatian writer in Dubrovnik, dedicated some of his translations from Greek classics to Juraj Zrinski, son of the above mentioned Sziget hero Nikola Subic Zrinski. Zlataric stated that he translated Greek verses into Croatian ("u hrvatski izlozene").
In 1660 a Dutch scientist Jakov Tollins payed a visit to Nikola Zrinski Junior in Cakovec, and was impressed by his huge library (now a part of the National Library in Zagreb). Besides his native Croatian, Nikola Zrinski Jr read Hungarian, German, Latin, Italian and Turkish perfectly, and he was not stranger to French and Spanish.
Among innumerably many Croatian captives in Turkish slavery, there were at least two that deserve special attention:
Bartol Gyurieuvits (Bartol Jurjevic, Gjurgjevic), 16th century, who left us extremely interesting testimonies about the Ottoman (Turkish) Empire, that can be found in various libraries of almost all larger European cities;
It is not widely known that in the 16th century the town of Bihac was Croatian capital. Hasan-pasa Predojevic, an islamized Croat, occupied Bihac in 1592. About 2000 people were killed and 800 Croatian children taken to slavery and educated in the spirit of Islam. A real turning point which meant the beginning of the fall of the Ottoman expansion to Croatian historical lands (and to Europe) was a defeat of Hasan-pasa Predojevic in a battle at Sisak near Zagreb in 1593, which echoed in the whole of Europe.
The most important Paulist monastery in Croatia is placed in the town of Lepoglava
An old drawing of the Paulist monastery in the town of Lepoglava. The town is known for its old tradition of lace-making.
Drawing by Ivan Ranger in the Paulist monastery in Lepoglava
The name of Maria shining from Heavens, drawn by Ivan Ranger.
The name of St. Mary on the ceiling, drawn by Ivan Ranger.
Parish church in the town of Mala Subotica in Međimurje, Croatia, has the oldest traces from 1334.
Hrvojka Mihanović Salopek and Dean Ganza by the Baptismal Font of Croatian Prince Višeslav from arround the year 800 AD, kept in the Museum of Croatian Archaeologoical Antiquities in the city of Split.
Martin Borković from the Paulist monastery in Lepoglava a bishop of the city of Zagreb.
Nikola Benger (1695-1766), Croatian historian who lived and worked in the Paulist monastery in Lepoglava, wrote his History of the Paulist order in the Latin language in 1743, published in the city of Bratislava in Slovakia.
A page from the Hisotry of Paulist order written by Nikola Benger, describing Father Georgius, INFANS CROATIAE (child of Croatia).
The town of Štrigova in Međimurje on Croatian north has the church of St. Jerome. Some authors believe that St. Jerome was born here, and that Štrigova is in fact Stridon, his birthplace. It is beautifully decorated by Ivan Ranger.
An angel playing trumpet in Varaždin. In Varaždin, there is an interesting Museum of Angels. Varaždin is the birthplace of the greatest Croatian classical guitarist of the 19th century - Ivan Padovec.
Fortunat Pintarić: Pobjedni dan slavimo (Victorious Day We Celebrate) Apostolic Journey to Croatia for the National Day of Croatian Catholic Families Holy Mass on the occasion of the National Day of Croatian Catholic Families Zagreb Hippodrome, 5 June 2011
Postila by Antun Vramec (1538-1588), published in 1586 in Croatian language.
Postilla by Anton Vramec printed in 1585 in the Royal city of Varaždin.
Mother of Mercy in Varaždin dating from the 15th century. In 1703, the Ursuline Sisters in Varaždin founded the first primary school for girls in Croatia.
Natalija Imbrišak from Koprivnica playing pipe organ in Varaždin
Drawing of old Varaždin. The city is mentioned for the first time as early as in 1181.
Zbor mladih Varaždinske biskupije (Choir of the Varaždin Bishopric) - Padaj s neba (Fall from the Skies) Croatian Advent folk song, performed in the Varaždin Cathedral in 2007.
The church of St. Mary in Višnjica from 17th century, decorated by drawings from the painting school of Ivan Ranger. The Varaždin Bishopric is the area of birth of the fenomenon of Croatian Naive Art, which often has sacral elements, like in the works of Ivan Lacković Croata.
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