|Festival of Early Music, Croatia, will be held from 15th to 24th June in the mysterious town of Dvigrad in Istria, abandoned in 17th century due to the plague. The festival, organised by the Association Prosoli "Sacred Music" from Zagreb, will have international character (Croatia, Italy, France, Montenegro). Among guests is a famous Ensemble Dialogos from Paris, directed by Katarina Livljanić, and Vrbanja singers from the island of Hvar.|
Dvigrad festival, 15. - 24. lipnja 2007.Koralisti katedrale sv. Tripuna iz crnogorske Boke kotorske otvorit će 15. lipnja ovogodišnji program međunarodnog Dvigrad festivala u Istri. Nastupit će u drevnom Dvigradu, s programom naslovljenim "Obredi u čast sv. Tripuna". Bit će to peto festivalsko izdanje, koje će na svom desetodnevnom repertoaru okupiti šest programa. U razgovoru s Alojzijem Prosolijem, organizatorom festivala, saznajemo da ostaje otvorena mogućnost realizacije još dvaju projekata. Gradovi koji će ih ugostiti jesu Rovinj, Dvigrad i Žminj, a razmatraju se i neke od pulskih pozornica.
Uz "Obred u čast sv. Tripuna", Dvigrad festival ove godine donosi i program naslovljen "Rana glazba dalmatinskih katedrala", koji će upriličiti bas Marijan Jurišić, solist opere Hrvatskog narodnog kazališta u Zagrebu. Na festivalskom je repertoaru i "Gospin plač" u izvedbi pučkih pjevača crkve Svetog Duha iz Vrbanje na Hvaru, "Kyriale" talijanske Schole Gregoriane 6 Alberto Turco, "Pisni za najpoglavitije, najsvetije i najveselije dni svega godišća" u izvedbi Dječjeg kvinteta "Horvat" i Tina Mršića iz Čakovca. Također je najavljeno gostovanje Silvije von Vojnić Purčar s ansamblom "I virtuosi" iz Beča, koja donosi program "Ex ore infantium", dok su dva projekta čije je održavanje izgledno oni Koralista đakovačke katedrale i riječkog ansambla Cantores Te Deum.
Također, Dvigrad festival i ove godine nastavlja znanstveni dio svojega programa, pa će se tako 18. i 19. lipnja održati simpozij "Monumenta Histriae", koji će za temu ovoga puta imati glazbu. Alojzije Prosoli najavio nam je da će simpozij voditi Hrvojka Mihanović Salopek, a među predavačima će biti Miho Demović, Alberto Turco s rimskog Pontificio Istituto di Musica Sacra, koji će svoja predavanja posvetiti gregorijanskom koralu, te Koraljka Kos s temom o glazbenim instrumentima na istarskim freskama. Simpozij će se održati u Žminju i Dvigradu.(N. HAUSER)
There are not many such beautiful and exciting dead towns located so near an urban area like Dvigrad in Istria. There are numerous remnants of towers, castles and ancient cities, but Dvigrad is absolutely unique. It was not destroyed by some military power, or devoured by fire; it was rather abandoned by its inhabitants to undergo its solitary death. The ruins remain as a warning to the passers-by, and as an example to its visitors and guests of what Istrian Medieval towns looked like.
After a terrific toll was taken among Istrian population in the 6th and 7th centuries through various epidemics and wars, new peoples started to inhabit Istria - the Slovenes and Croats. No government was established by this time,and the land was in the state of neglect. The Benedictine monks, that could already be met in the Lim region in the early Middle Ages, started to cultivate the neglected land.
Dvigrad came under the rule of Venice in 1413. The Venetians nominated a ýpodeštatý, a nobleman chosen among the aristocracy of Koper, who reigned over the town. The town was obliged to pay him an annual tax of 390 liras. Dvigrad prospered during the first century under the Venetian rule. After that, this region was frequently afflicted by plague, and almost incessantly by malaria, which caused an increase in the mortality rate, and a considerable reduction of the population of Dvigrad.
We can enter Dvigrad through the city gate which has remained intact, and we reach the lower town which was protected by the first ring of the city wall. Following the way that ýDvegrajciý (as the inhabitants of Dvigrad are called in the Istrian memoirs) used to take for centuries, we arrive at the second gate, built in the second ring of the city wall. Thatýs how the town was actually entered: from one gate to the another. We follow the way up to the third and the last gate, passing by an enormous guard tower situated in the southern part of town. Throught his gate we finally reach the centre of Dvigrad. On this highest position, as on a living rock, the early Christian church of St. Sophia was erected. It dominated the town due to its height, width and beauty. It had three naves, and in its centre, leaning against the pillars of the middle nave, a pulpit was constructed in the 13th and 14th centuries. The pulpitýs brim was decorated by beautiful reliefs. The most remarkable of them is the relief depicting St. Sophia holding one town in each hand. This is the symbol of Dvigrad. At the beginning of the 19th century the basilica collapsed, the roof fell in, and from that time on, this magnificent building has completely deteriorated. At the end, the question remains how much longer this deceased town will bear witness to the time, how much longer it will take before it has completely perished.